Scars are part of the skin’s natural healing process, and they occur when the thick layer of tissue that is below the surface of the skin called the dermis is damaged. Wounds on the skin surface or epidermis often do not leave scars. The dermis is where you will find blood capillaries, sweat glands, nerve endings and hair follicles. It is in the hair follicles where acne forms.
When you get an acne lesion, such as a pustule, papule or cyst, you have a chance of getting a scar. The hair follicle or pore has excess oil, which holds dead skin cells that attract bacteria and become inflamed. When the pore swells, it causes a break in the follicle wall. Sometimes a minor lesion is near the surface of the skin and heals quickly. When the lesion forms deep and the infection breaks out of the follicle wall and spills into the dermis, it may destroy healthy skin tissue.
Your skin will naturally repair the damage done by the inflammation by forming new collagen fibers. However, the build-up of collagen may create an area with raised tissue. This is how acne scars come to exist. These scars are often referred to as hypertrophic or keloid scars.
The most common acne scar is a depressed area called an atrophic or depressed scar. This type of scarring occurs when tissue in the inflamed area is lost.
You may be able to determine if your acne will cause scarring by the amount of inflammation you have. The more inflammation, the more likely a scar will form. Another factor in scarring is deep breakouts that do not heal quickly. The types of acne that do not usually lead to scarring are blackheads, whiteheads and non-inflamed blemishes because they do not damage skin tissue.
During a consultation with our specialist, you may learn several ways to prevent acne scars from developing. Some of the most common prevention techniques are:
- Treat the acne as soon as it develops. We may be able to help you get your acne under control as soon as possible.
- Do not pick or squeeze pimples. This forces the infection deeper into your skin, so there is more chance it will affect the dermis.
- Try to calm the inflammation. Avoid aggressive scrubbing of the area and do not try to pop the pimples.
- If you know you are prone to scarring, our specialist may be able to suggest treatment option to minimize scarring.
- Do not try to treat deep breakouts or cysts yourself. These need professional help because over-the-counter remedies will not be enough.
Collagen is a fibrous protein that is naturally produced by the skin to give it strength and flexibility. Most scars are created because your skin produces too much collagen to heal the acne inflammation. During a discussion with our specialist at REJÚV esthetics in Poplar Bluff, you may learn about your options for treating your acne scars as well as preventing them from forming. Contact us today to schedule a consultation at our office.